Published on September 23rd, 2019 | by Bibhuranjan0
10 Trends in the Development of Robotics
The industry of robotics is always on the go, and a lot of amazing innovations are waiting for us in the near future. The industry development will largely depend on related industries: materials science and computer technology. If you are interested to know what can we expect in years to come, our experts identified the main trends in the industry for the next five years.
What Will Happen?
People tend to overestimate the effect of the latest technology in the near future and underestimate their impact on distant years. But this does not negate the fact that the expert community, the state, and business need a “road map” for the development of innovative industries in the foreseeable future. This is what actually happened to mobile slot games 2019, which are on the peak of popularity. NativeCasinos supports the gaming trend and shares valuable information with the international gaming community. Casino review, ratings, game guides, and how-to posts – all these are available on their website. Let’s take a look at the main directions that will have the greatest impact on the development of robotics.
1. New Materials
Even if we take into account the simplest industrial manipulators, in 2019, there are about 3.5 thousand people per robot. And this ratio is unlikely to grow without radical changes in the science of materials that products are created from. They pay special attention to the two promising materials:
- gallium nitride (GaN) – it can successfully replace silicon for the production of transistors;
- graphene – super thin and super strong material that can be used for the production of executive drives of robots, new batteries, and much more.
The use of new materials will make robots stronger, more durable, and resistant to external action.
2. New Sources of Energy, Technologies for Its Collection and Storage
Given the amount of heat generated during the combustion of gasoline and the person’s energy needs, it is easy to calculate that if people ate gasoline, they would only need 150 g of fuel per day. In turn, electric motors are now even less energy efficient than an internal combustion engine. For robots to compete with humans in their capabilities, breakthrough technologies are needed in their energy supply.
3. The Interaction of Groups of Robots and People
We are talking about unmanned traffic control systems. In order to avoid accidents, transport robots must have a channel of interaction both with a person and with each other. This technology might be already in deployment with vehicle manufacturers desperately pushing the boundaries for autonomous driving vehicles. What’s more is that this technology could potentially revamp the entire automobile industry and how we perceive cars in the near future.
4. Navigation in Extreme Conditions
Robots must understand what they are doing and where they are moving. And the involvement of a human is not necessary. For example, in the mountains or on the seabed, a device can function without a person operating it. The main limit to this technology is just how far can you push it before it is deemed to be safe.
5. Machine Learning
The development of artificial intelligence requires creating a truly useful and “smart” robots. At this point, here are four fundamental development vectors in this area:
- increasing the efficiency of using neural networks by complicating their architecture or reducing energy consumption;
- learning algorithmic procedures instead of hard programming; which will simplify and accelerate the process of acquiring skills by the machine;
- the mass introduction of cloud services for machine learning;
- improvement of motor actions thanks to artificial intelligence technologies.
There is a lot to be improved with the advent of new technologies, which will also influence the industry.
6. Man-Machine Interaction
The main idea behind robots, like in all other innovative technologies, is to increase labor productivity. That is, automation is not an end in itself, but a tool to increase economic efficiency. Thus, the interaction of smart devices and humans will develop in four main areas:
- a robot as a tool that repeats human capabilities (for example, exoskeletons and prostheses);
- a robot as a tool that enhances human capabilities;
- a robot avatar that is, a machine remotely controlled by a person in hard-to-reach places;
- social interaction with a person, such as voice assistants and chatbots.
It is believed that the best result will be achieved not by replacing people with robots but by their cooperation.
7. Manipulation Robotics
The development of software will increase the capabilities and reduce the costs of manipulation equipment. First of all, we are talking about improving sensor feedback. The robot capturing an object will have to inform the operator in detail of its weight, size, compression force, etc. Also, new computer technologies will allow programming more complex trajectories of the manipulators.
One of the definitions of the concept of “robot” is that it is a machine that can sense the world around it with sensors, process the signals received in this way, and react accordingly. Cheaper, simplified, and improved capabilities of sensors are one of the key trends in the development of robotics in the coming years.
To train robots, you need large amounts of data. To get them, it is not necessary to build a model of the robot – sometimes it can be economically disadvantageous and sometimes even dangerous for humans. Therefore, the production volume of computer simulators of the robot will only increase with the expansion of automation.
10. New Drive
Fundamentally, the principles of creating drive mechanisms are unlikely to change, but even here, some innovations are expected. In addition to the new super-strong materials specified in the first paragraph, these can be new engines and gearboxes.
All in all, robotics is expected to bring huge changes to our lives. The industry is constantly developing, so catching a trend here is no easy thing to do.