Published on July 26th, 2022 | by Sunit Nandi0
Searching for Extraterrestrial Life Through the Breakthrough Listen Initiative
The Breakthrough Initiatives are a collection of space research programs geared toward exploring life beyond our planet. Breakthrough Listen, Breakthrough Message, Breakthrough Starshot, and Breakthrough Watch are some of the initiatives of this program. These initiatives were announced in 2015 by internet and science investor Yuri Milner and the famous physicist Stephen Hawking. Breakthrough Initiatives are funded by the Breakthrough Foundation, which was established by Yuri Milner and his spouse, Julia Milner, as part of their Giving Pledge to encourage and support new advancements and achievements in science.
The Breakthrough Listen Program
Breakthrough Listen is a scientific research initiative founded by Yuri Milner and Stephen Hawking in 2016. It is a $100 million research and development effort providing new technology for crewless interstellar travel. Breakthrough Listen is the most costly and large-scale SETI (Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence) initiative to date, involving up to 100 scientists from institutions all around the world. The project is integrating the most recent developments in radio astronomy to focus on capturing even one signal that could reveal the presence of extraterrestrial intelligence in the galaxy. Even if the program doesn’t succeed in finding an alien civilization, there will be a huge dataset to support future astronomical research missions and to work on other SETI projects.
Breakthrough Listen is the most systematic alien communication research project to date, with the backing of millions in financing and endless hours of devoted telescope time, human resources, and more. The initiative began in 2015 and was designed to last for at least ten years.
The Breakthrough Listen project is located at the Berkeley SETI Research Center in California, and it makes use of visible light data from the Automated Planet Finder as well as radio transmission data from the Parkes Observatory and Green Bank Observatory. The progress of the project can be determined by its recent achievements. It has examined several nearby stars, over 55 neighboring galaxies, and the Milky Way, investigated space objects like ‘Oumuamua and detected new rapid radio bursts while collecting two petabytes of data. The initiative has also aided in inventing and creating advanced machine learning algorithms to search and explore the universe.
Role of Yuri Milner
Yuri Milner is an Israeli businessman, physicist, and technology investor who has been fascinated by the possibility of sentient life beyond Earth since childhood. After signing the Giving Pledge, Yuri decided to contribute financially to numerous projects that would have a substantial positive effect on the globe.
One of these endeavors was the quest for extraterrestrial life. Yuri Milner also wrote the book Eureka Manifesto, which outlines the importance of space exploration. Yuri highlights in his book that we have a responsibility toward the universe as humans and has addressed the need to comprehend and explore the universe, which may have multiple advantages for mankind and may include evidence of extraterrestrial life. He claims in the Eureka Manifesto that space exploration can minimize the probability of humanity facing extinction.
Yuri Milner believes that studying and exploring the universe will provide the answer to the question “Are we alone?” He is also initiating and financing scientific research and space venture programs to locate evidence of alien life in the universe. And to that effect, Yuri initiated the project Breakthrough Listen as one of the key components of the Breakthrough Initiatives.