Published on April 28th, 2020 | by Sumit Bhowal0
Dentistry: Find Its Eligibility, Scope & Career
Dentistry is the field of medicine involved with the diagnosis, and treatment of diseases associated with the oral cavity. The oral cavity consists of not only teeth and gums but also tissues present in and around the mouth. Depending upon the severity of the case, a trip to the dentist could be for something as simple as getting one’s teeth whitened or highly complicated such as a root canal surgery. Dentistry as a profession is tough to get into but can be extremely rewarding as well. The fee charged by a dentist is typically much higher than other doctors. Some patients have felt the need to improve the appearance of their teeth or smile. They are usually treated by orthodontists, who specialize in a field within the branch of dentistry focused on the development of the face, teeth and jaw for aesthetic purposes.
The very first requirement for securing admission to a dental college is a minimum of 50% marks in the 10+2 examination with a science stream. Students who fulfil this criterion have to then clear the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). The next step is to apply for a Bachelors in Dental Surgery program, which is currently the only professional programme on dental surgery in the country. Admission is granted on the basis of counselling process, rank availability of seats. While the NEET Examination might be sufficient to get into most dental colleges in India, some private institutions conduct own entrance examinations.
The course is 4 years long and is followed by one year of a paid internship experience. While the course majorly focuses on the denture, dental problems and surgery, it also opens up doors to opportunities in the hospital, pharmaceutical and medical device manufacturing industries.
Some of the top dental colleges in India are
- People’s College of Dental Sciences & Research Centre (People’s University), Bhopal
- Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, Delhi
- Faculty of Dental Sciences King George’s Medical University, Lucknow
- Faculty of Dental Sciences IMS BHU Varanasi
- Manipal College of Dental Science, Manipal
- Nair Hospital Dental College, Mumbai
- Christian Dental College, Ludhiana
After successful completion of the course, students are eligible to begin practising as dentists at medical colleges, hospitals or even independently. Typical roles in the medical field include that of a
- Dental Surgeon
- Oral Pathologist
- Oral Surgeon
Dentists are handsomely rewarded for the work that they do since it involves not only a sound understanding of medicinal sciences but also skilled hands, especially during surgery. In some cases, oral infections and inflammation might be a pointer to other diseases such as osteoporosis, diabetes or even cancer. Dentists practising at hospitals and teaching at medical colleges draw in high salaries, in many cases higher than doctors in other disciplines. After a few years of experience, some choose to open their own clinic and run an independent practice. Then there is the option of pursuing higher studies abroad at a dental college, wherein dentists are amongst the highest-earning professionals in the medical field.